An Orifice Meter is a device used for measuring the rate of now of a fluid through a pipe. It also works on the same Bernoulli’s principle as that of the Venturimeter. It is a cheaper device compared to Venturimeter. Let us discuss more details of the Orifice Meter such as the construction, working principle, […]

## Venturimeter: Parts, Working priciple, Discharge equation, Venturi Effect

We have discussed the Bernoulli’s Equation of motion (based on the Eulers Euqation). The Venturieter is a flowmeter that used to measure the flow rates of fluids in a pipe in many industries. This Venturimeter works on the principle of Bernoulli’s Equation. Let us disucc more details such as the construction, working principle, different parts […]

## Euler’s Equation of Motion in Fluid Dynamics | Bernoulli’s Equation

In the previous article, we discussed the velocity and acceleration at a point in a fluid flow, without taking into consideration the forces causing the flow. In this article, we will study the behaviour of fluid flow due to the forces exerted by gravity and pressure with help of the Euler’s Equation of Motion. Equation […]

## What is Vortex Flow? | Equation of Motion of Vortex Flow

We have discussed the different types of fluid flows already, where we discussed 6 types to determine the velocity and the acceleration of the flow. Vortex Flow comes under laminar and Turbulent flow. Vortex flow is defined as the flow of a fluid along a curved path or the flow of a rotating mass. An […]

## Velocity and Acceleration of a Fluid Flow

In the previous article, we discussed the types of Fluid flows, Fluid discharge (Q) and the Continuity Equations for a fluid flow. From the types of fluid flow, we can easily determine the velocity and acceleration components of the fluid flow. Velocity In fluid Mechanics, the velocity is defined as the change of position with […]

## What is Continuity Equation in three Dimensions and Polar coordinates?

In the previous article, we have discussed the continuity equation in fluid mechanics, from the law of conservation of mass. In this article, we will discuss the continuity equation of fluid-particle in the three-dimensions and also in the Polar coordinates. Continuity Equation As we stated the equation based on the law of conservation of mass […]

## Different Types of Fluid Flows, Fluid Velocity and Discharge

In fluid Mechanics, There are different types of Fluid flow, and a Study of these types of fluid flows will help us determine the flow discharge, velocity and acceleration of the fluids. Once the velocity is known, then the pressure distribution and forces acting on the fluid can be determined effortlessly. Let us discuss these […]

## How to calculate Pressure of Atmosphere?

In the previous article, we have discussed the Gas constant in a very detailed manner, in which we have briefed about the Isothermal and Adiabatic Processes. In the Isothermal process, the temperature remains constant. Whereas the Adiabatic process, there is no heat exchange to and from the gas. Let us briefly discuss these to calculate […]

## How to set up line thickness for drawings in Creo 6.0? | Pen Tables

Drafting in Creo 6.0 is sometimes quite frustrating as it should not be since Creo is one the best CAD for engineers who work with large assemblies and also a wide variety of families of products with different sizes and varieties. Setting line thickness for drawings in creo is a myth for some people. For […]

## How to Measure the Pressure with Manometers?

In metrology, there are different types of measuring instruments such as Linear measuring instruments, comparators, Indicators, interferometers and angular measuring instruments. For the measurement of Pressure in Fluids, we use Manometers and mechanical gauges. In this article, we have discussed the broad classification of the Manometers in a detailed manner. Before getting into the main […]

## How to calculate Weight Lifted by Hydraulic Jack?

We have discussed Pascal’s Law, Now in this article how we can calculate the weight lifted by Hydraulic Jack with help of Pascal’s Law. Pascal’s Law states that the pressure or intensity of pressure at a point in a static fluid is equal in all directions. Pascal’s law is used in many industrial applications, one […]

## Hydrostatic Law & Archimedes Principle

In the previous article, we discussed Pascal’s law which states the pressure or intensity of pressure at a point in a static fluid is equal in all directions. The Hydrostatic Law states that the increase of pressure in a vertically downward direction must be equal to the specific weight of the fluid at that point. Whereas, […]

## What is Pascal’s Law? | Pressure Intensity

In Fluid mechanics, Pascal’s Law states that the pressure or intensity of pressure at a point in a static fluid is equal in all directions. So we need to understand the Fluid pressure at any given point. Let us discuss more details on the Fluid pressure at any given point and the Pascals law. In […]

## What is the Gas Constant (R)?

We have discussed the physical properties of Fluids in the previous article. Fluids are either liquids or gases. A Gas constant or Universal molar Gas constant is used to determine the behaviour of a gas under the theoretical conditions. It is denoted by R. Let us discuss more details on the Gas constant. As we […]

## What are Surface Tension and Capillarity?

In Fluid Mechanics, Surface tension is one of the important physical properties of fluid among Density and Viscosity. Surface tension is defined as the tensile force acting on the surface of a liquid in contact with a gas or on the surface between two immiscible liquids such that the contact surface behaves like a membrane […]

## What is Viscosity of Fluid? | Viscosity Units

In Fluid Mechanics, Viscosity is defined as the property of a fluid that offers resistance to the movement of one layer of fluid over another adjacent layer of the fluid. We have discussed the different physical properties of Fluids in the previous article. In this article, we will discuss the Viscosity of fluid and the […]

## Physical Properties of Fluids in Fluid Mechanics

We have discussed the mechanical properties of engineering materials in the previous articles. Fluids (liquids and gases) are also a very important part of engineering. The branch of science deal with the dynamics and mechanics of fluids called Fluid Mechanics. Let us understand a few important terminologies before we understand the properties of the Fluids […]

## What is Galvanizing and Electroplating Process?

The galvanizing process is a specific coating of zinc on on metals to prevent rusting. Whereas electroplating is various options of metal for coating for many other reasons. Let us discuss these Galvanizing and Electroplating Processes with neat schematic diagrams. Galvanizing Process Galvanizing is the name given to the process of coating steel sheets with […]

## Powder Metallurgy Process

We have discussed different manufacturing processes, such as Casting, Moulding, Forming, Machining and Joining. Powder metallurgy is also one of the manufacturing techniques to produce precise and highly accurate parts. In Powder metallurgy, the products are produced by pressing powdered metals and alloys into a rigid die under extreme pressure. Let us understand what are […]

## Different Manufacturing Processes for Plastic Products

In the previous article, we have discussed the different types of manufacturing processes for engineering materials. Engineering materials are referred to as non-metallic, metallic materials, ceramics and composites. In this article, we will discuss the Different Manufacturing Processes for Plastic Products (Non-metallic products). Non-Metal is referred to the chemical elements which are volatile, insulated to […]

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