Hydraulic machines are those that convert either hydraulic energy (energy possessed by water) into mechanical energy (which is further converted into electrical energy ) or mechanical energy into hydraulic energy. The hydraulic machines, which convert the hydraulic energy into mechanical energy, are called turbines while the hydraulic machines which convert the mechanical energy into hydraulic […]

## How to get the Centre of Gravity in Creo Drawings?

Drafting in Creo 6.0 is very interesting and fun but when you need to show the Centre of Gravity (CG) for parts and assemblies in Creo Drawings can be tricky. Figuring out this can be pretty frustrating as it should not be since Creo is one the best CAD software for engineers who work with large assemblies […]

## How to Convert Assembly into a part in Creo with Shrinkwrap?

Modelling in Creo 6.0 could be fun until we face a situation in large assemblies where we need Convert Sub-Assembly into a part. Figuring out this can be pretty frustrating if we do not know exactly what feature we need from Creo 6.0. We know Creo is one the best CAD software for engineers who […]

## Pelton Turbine – Parts, construction, Working, Work done, Efficiency

Hydraulic machines are those that convert either hydraulic energy (energy possessed by water) into mechanical energy (which is further converted into electrical energy ) or mechanical energy into hydraulic energy. The hydraulic machines, which convert the hydraulic energy into mechanical energy, are called turbines while the hydraulic machines which convert the mechanical energy into hydraulic […]

## Hydraulic Turbines – Heads, Efficiencies and Classification

Hydraulic machines are defined as those machines which convert either hydraulic energy (energy possessed by water) into mechanical energy (which is further converted into electrical energy ) or mechanical energy into hydraulic energy. The hydraulic machines, which convert the hydraulic energy into mechanical energy, are called turbines while the hydraulic machines which convert the mechanical […]

## How to calculate Force and Efficiency of Jet Propulsion of Ships?

In Fluid Dynamics, A jet is a liquid stream projected into a surrounding medium or an object from the nozzle. Jet propulsion means the propulsion or movement of the bodies such as ships, aircraft, and rockets with the help of a jet. The reaction of the jet coming out from the orifice provided in the bodies is […]

## How to Calculate Force Exerted by a Jet on a Series of curved Vanes?

A Nozzle is the portion of the pipe where the cross-sectional area varies from larger diameter to smaller diameter, and it can be used to direct or modify the flow of a fluid. A jet is a liquid stream projected into a surrounding medium or an object from the nozzle. This article will discuss How we can Calculate […]

## How to Calculate Force Exerted by Jet on Moving Object?

A Nozzle is the portion of the pipe where the cross-sectional area varies from larger diameter to smaller diameter, and it can be used to direct or modify the flow of a fluid. A jet is a liquid stream projected into a surrounding medium or an object from the nozzle. In this article, we will discuss the force […]

## How to Calculate the Force Exerted by Jet on Stationary Objects?

A Nozzle is the portion of the pipe where the cross-sectional area varies from larger diameter to smaller diameter, and it can be used to direct or modify the flow of a fluid. A jet is a liquid stream projected into a surrounding medium or an object from the nozzle. In this article, we will discuss […]

## Model Laws in Fluid Mechanics | Dimensionless Numbers

In continuation with the previous article, Model Analysis in Fluid Mechanics helps predict the performance of these hydraulic structures or hydraulic machines before actually constructing or manufacturing. Model law helps identify the dynamic similarities between the model and the prototype. Let us discuss more details on different Model Laws in Fluid Dynamics. Dimensional Analysis and Model […]

## Model Analysis in Fluid Dynamics

In Fluid Mechanics, Dimensional Analysis and Model Analysis are two important tools to help engineers to build structures or machines which involve hydraulic fluid. Model analysis especially helps predict the performance of these hydraulic structures (such as dams, spillways etc.) or hydraulic machines (such as turbines, pumps etc.), before actually constructing or manufacturing. In the […]

## What are the Methods Of Dimensional Analysis?

Dimensional analysis is a method of dimensions. It is a mathematical technique used in research work for design and for conducting model tests. There are two different methods of Dimensional analysis. The first one is Rayleigh’s method and Buckingham’s π-theorem. In this article, let us discuss more details on these methods of Dimensional Analysis. Dimensional […]

## Hardy Cross Method Procedure For Pipe Network Analysis

In the previous article, we discussed the Continuity equation, and the rate of flow discharge In Fluid Mechanics, the hardy cross method is used to analyse the Pipe network with help of a continuity equation. Pipe Network A pipe network is an interconnected system of pipes forming several loops or circuits. The pipe network is […]

## What causes Water Hammer In Pipes?

In Fluid Mechanics, a Water Hammer is a most seen phenomenon that can occur in any piping system where valves are used to control the flow of liquids or steam. Let us discuss the different causes of Water hammering and the different outcomes of Water Hammering. Water Hammer in Pipes A water hammer is the […]

## How to calculate Power Transmission Through Nozzles?

In Fluid mechanics, we have discussed Power Transmission Through Pipes in the previous article. We also discussed energy losses of fluid flow through pipes and studied the Viscous fluid flow in the pipe. In this article, let us see how to calculate the Power Transmission Through Nozzles and the maximum efficiency conditions for the flow of fluid through nozzles. […]

## How to calculate Power Transmission Through Pipes?

In Fluid mechanics, we have discussed different energy losses of fluid flow through pipes and studied the Viscous fluid flow in the pipe. In this article, let us see how to calculate the Power Transmission Through Pipes and the maximum efficiency. Power Transmission Through Pipes Power is transmitted through pipes by flowing water or other […]

## Energy Losses in Fluid Flow Through Pipe

With Reynold’s experiment, we have discussed the laminar flow and turbulent flow, and how the transition happens from Laminar to turbulent. In fluid flow, we need to understand and study different energy losses. In this article, we will discuss what are the different major and minor energy losses in a fluid flow. Energy Losses in […]

## Reynold’s Experiment in Fluid Dynamics

In Fluid Dynamics, Reynold’s number helps us determine the flow type such as laminar or turbulent. In the previous articles, we have already seen how we can find Reynold’s number. This article will discuss how we can determine Reynold’s number by using Reynold’s Experiment. Turbulent Flow The laminar flow has been discussed in the previous […]

## How to calculate the Coefficient of Viscosity of a Fluid?

The coefficient of Viscosity is the resistance to the flow of viscous fluid. It is denoted with the μ. Determining the Coefficient of Viscosity can be done with different experimental methods. In this article, we will derive the expression to determine the Coefficient of Viscosity also we will discuss the different experimental methods of Determining […]

## What is Loss of Head Due to Friction in Viscous Flow?

The Fluids that have higher viscosity are known as viscous fluids and they will have very less velocity flow. The most common and general example of viscous fluid is honey, grease and oil. We have been discussing kinematics and the dynamics of the fluid. We already discussed the Loss of Head of a viscous fluid flow in […]

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